Myopia Management

What is Myopia?

Myopia – or short sightedness is normally caused by the eye growing longer than average. This means light falls in front of the retina so near objects are clear, but distant objects are blurry. In 2050, it is estimated that nearly 50% of the world will be myopic.

What Causes Myopia?

Myopia is caused by excess growth of the eye. Whilst we don’t know all reasons why this happens; we know it can be linked to.

  • Parents or close family members also being Myopic.
  • Not enough time spent outdoors
  • Spending too much time looking at very near objects, such as phones and computers.

What is Myopia management?

It is the clinical attempt to slow or halt the progression of childhood myopia. – Myopia is a disease – this is not just about correcting a child’s vision but reducing future risks to the eye. The main methods available in the UK are based on the peripheral defocus theory.

Many studies have shown that a positive lens placed in the peripheral retina, focuses light in front of the retina, tricking the brain into thinking that the eye has grown enough and will therefore slow down growth, and myopia.

This is currently available as soft contact lenses

  • MiSight ( Coopervision)
  • Natural View (Positive Impact)
  • Mylo (Mark Ennovy).
  • Spectacle lenses – MiyoSmart – from Hoya.

We are hoping to offer Orthokeratology in the near future.

Atropine eye drops have also been shown to be extremely effective in other parts of the world, these are not yet licensed in the UK for myopia management, but clinical trials are currently ongoing in specialist University and Paediatric eye departments.

"Whilst we do not know everything about Myopia, we know too much to do nothing" - Brien Holden